CUCUMBERS - A dull coloring with hard seeds and a puffy appearance indicates over-maturity and should not be confused with the results of improper stowage or storage conditions, etc.
Cucumbers, botanically berry fruit, belong to the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae) and have juicy, fibrous flesh. Due to its subtropical origins, the cucumber's heat requirements are high and it is therefore cultivated predominantly as a greenhouse product.
There are two principal varieties, distinguished by their manner of cultivation:
- slicing cucumbers, snake cucumbers: these are cultivated in greenhouses and polytunnels and are therefore largely unaffected by external weather conditions, making them suitable for cultivation virtually anywhere in the world. They are approx. 40 cm long, reach a diameter of 10 cm and are smooth-skinned.
- pickling cucumbers: these are outdoor-grown and therefore have particular climatic requirements. They are sometimes only a few cm long, but may grow as long as 20 cm, and are thick and rough-skinned.
When unripe, cucumbers are green-colored. As they ripen, they turn yellowish-white or yellowish-brown. Modern cucumbers are basically free from bitter substances. However, the bitter substance elaterin may sometimes form in pickling cucumbers in particular, where it may be present in particularly large quantities at the stem-end.
- Commodity Name:
VEGETABLES AND FRUIT (Fresh)