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Description: FRUITS GRAPEFRUIT - The grapefruit belongs to the rue family (Rutaceae) and comes originally from Central America. It is not related botanically to the shaddock, which originates from Malaysia. However, the language of commerce does not distinguish between the shaddock, which is no longer cultivated commercially, and the grapefruit. The name grapefruit finds its origin in the fact that the fruits grow close together like bunches of grapes. The grapefruit is a large, yellow-peeled, round citrus fruit weighing approximately 250 - 700 g. Its pulp is very juicy and has a refreshing, aromatic taste. The bitter taste is caused by the glycoside naringin; the amount of this bitter substance present varies according to variety and place of origin. Grapefruit from the tropics generally have a sweeter, less sharp flavor than those from cooler regions of cultivation. The "Ruby" and "Ruby red" varieties, for example, are red-fleshed, seedless fruits with a reddish tinge to the peel in parts (russeting) and a milder, sweeter flavor than other varieties. In international trade, they are two of the most important varieties. In addition to grapefruit, the group of citrus fruits, which are mainly cultivated in subtropical regions, also includes lemons, oranges, mandarins, limes and easypeelers. Fungicides are diphenyl, orthophenylphenol (OPP) and thiabendazole (TBZ). Diphenyl can be recognized from its naphthalene-like odor. The fungicides primarily prevent blue and green molds, but they do impair flavor and indication of their use is mandatory.
Index: 947
Commodity Name: VEGETABLES AND FRUIT (Fresh)

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