CLOVES - Cloves are the unripe flower buds (10 - 17 mm long) of the up to 14 m tall clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum) of the Myrtaceae family. The tree is indigenous to the Moluccas in South-East Asia.
Cloves are harvested just before they open, then destalked before being sun-dried. In the course of the drying process, they change color from carmine to light to dark brown.
The clove consists of the head formed of the four petals, which enclose the style and stamens, and the four-sided calyx, which forms a unit with the calyx tube.
Cloves are a very valuable, expensive product.
- 15.0 - 20.0% essential oils, in particular eugenol
- 7.0 - 10.0 % fatty oils
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