CHILLIES - Chilies or chili peppers are the dried berry fruits (0.7 - 3.0 cm long, 0.3 - 1.0 cm wide) of a small variety of the pepper of the genus Capsicum (nightshade family, Solanaceae). They consist of conically pointed pods ranging from orange-yellow to yellowish-red in color. Chilies are a hotter spice than large sweet peppers.
The term spice is used to refer to plant parts which serve to improve the odor and flavor of foods. They contain essential oils and other ingredients which have a strong seasoning action.
Cayenne pepper consists of ground chilies (chili powder).
The chili plant, often known as the hot pepper, is native to the tropical regions of America and Africa.
Oil content: 1.0 - 3.2% essential oils, in particular capsaicin.
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