This is an oil obtained through steam distillation of the oleoresin that seeps from freshly cut conifers. The main sources of this material are the longleaf pine and slash pine. Now it also includes oils of turpentine obtained by distillation and solvent extraction from stumpwood and waste wood. It is produced mostly in the United States, France and Spain. It is a valuable drying oil for paints and varnishes due to its property of rapidly absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere thus creating a tough and durable film of paint. Turpentine is also used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber as well as in linoleum, soap and ink. See also IMDG Code & US CFR.
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