RAW SUGAR - Sugar is the name for the sweet-tasting foodstuff obtained from sugar beet or sugar cane, the products respectively being known as beet sugar or cane sugar. Chemically speaking, both beet and cane sugar are sucrose. Sugar is suspected to have its origins in India, where the first sugar cane is said to have been discovered some 2500 years ago. Sugar beet cultivation, however, is a much more recent innovation.
The sugar beet (Beta vulgaris var. altissima) is a member of the goosefoot family (Chenopodiaceae). The beet consists of the crown, neck, main body (hypocotyl) and the beet tail. The main body of the beet contains stored sucrose, which is the raw material for sugar production.
Sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) is a tropical grass which belongs to the grass family (Gramineae).
Raw sugar is a moist, coarsely crystalline mass with a sucrose content of 95 - 97%. The solid cores of the raw sugar crystals are still covered with a layer of syrup. These accompanying substances make the cane sugar moist and tacky and give it its typical yellowish-brown color and malty, burnt flavor. The water content of raw sugar is 0.25 - 1.1%.
Raw sugar is an intermediate in the production of sugar.
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