Surveyors should consider damage in the light of stowage, packing and the probability of pre-shipment damage not immediately apparent Special stowage is usually required, and this should invariably be studied. Packing and stowage varies with season and the particular type of bulb.
The following observations may be of assistance:
Frost - Various types of bulbs are susceptible to damage by frost. Decomposition, humidity and slime are the external features, while internally discoloration occurs. This damage may occur while awaiting shipment or after discharge. Damage can also arise from sweat, brought about by fluctuation of temperature during voyage.
Rooting - Usually, dried out roots signify old roots. With certain types of bulbs if roots longer than 3 cm. have developed and they are only few in number there is no likelihood of injurious effect as there are sufficient root-buds to ensure normal root growth. This assumes no damage to the basal-plate itself and the absence of penicillium (mold); otherwise damage to the bulbs is possible. With some bulbs, no ill-effects follow from rooting in transit unless there has been excessive delay.
Sprouting - This usually occurs in spring shipments but is generally not harmful unless the sprouts are of an excessive length.
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